Segesta, on Mount Barbaro, It is one of the natives of the most important of western Sicily, consisting of a population of peninsular nature - Elimi - that, according to historical tradition, He came from Troy (Tucidite, WE, 2). This city, Hellenized as a whole, He played a major role in the historical events that led to repeated struggles with Selinunte, certainly, He is trying to gain an outlet in the Tyrrhenian Sea.
The clashes between the people of Segesta and Selinunte are framed generally between 580-576 a.C. and around the 454 a.C. (Diodorus, V, 9; XI, 86). Nel conflitto tra le due città rimasero coinvolte, in favor of Segesta, even with the disastrous expedition of Athens 415 a.C. (Thucydides, WE, 6; Diodoro, XII, 48) and in Carthage 409-408 a.C. (Diodoro, XIII, 43) with those facts that led to the destruction of Selinunte, Agrigento, Classroom, Chimera.
Segesta, in 397 a.C., He was besieged by Dionysius of Syracuse (Diodoro, XIV, 48) and , then, in 307 a.C., It was conquered and destroyed by Agathocles of Syracuse, who imposed the name Dikaiopolis (City of Justice) (Diodoro, XX, 71); right after, He resumed the old name and allied first with the Carthaginians and then, during the First Punic War, con i Romani (Diodoro, XIII, 5).
By virtue of the legendary Trojan origin, Rome Segesta granted the status of a free city and immune (Cicerone, Verrine, III, 6, 13) and it was equipped with a vast territory. The city played an important role in the slave revolt of 104 a.C. (Diodoro, XXXIV, 5, 1).
Segesta, tra il sec.II a.C. and I BC, He had a great period of prosperity and was tidied on the model of city micrasiatiche; in it there is also a step late antique and Byzantine, un villaggio musulmano con moschea, followed by a settlement with the Norman-Swabian castle and a church founded in summit 1442 on the ground from the already articulated stratigraphy, all the acropolis North.
The oldest buildings of the city-end of the century. VI a.C. - They have been identified along the slopes of Mt.; the urban, with various transformations and buildings built during the centuries V BC. – II d.C., which are also seen some possible road routes, It extended, two peaks: Acropolis North (public buildings, agora, Theatre and, at a lower altitude, a house) and South (homes: "House of ships") connected by a saddle and defenses to the east and south walls natural very steep, while the other sides were armed, in classical times, a belt of walls with monumental gates and, age primoimperiale, a second, placed at a greater height.
Outside the walls, in 430 – 420 a.C., It was built the Temple of Doric-Siceliot; outside the walls you can see the shrine in the Mango (secc. VI-V a.C.) and a necropolis of the Hellenistic period in the area facing the "Gate of the Valley".
Further archaeological surveys will broaden the historical and cultural framework outlined at present also for more recent periods.
Case Barbaro S.R. 22, c/da Barbaro – Segesta
91013 Calatafimi Segesta (City)
T 0924 952356 _ F 0924 951747
Winter Time (last Sunday, October – last Sunday in March):
Opening Ticket – Hours 9.00;
Ticket closure – Hours 16.00;
Closing Park – Hours 17.00.
(last Sunday in March – last Sunday in October):
Opening Ticket – Hours 9.00;
Ticket closure – Hours 18.00;
Closing Park – Hours 19.00.
Ticket: full € 6,00, reduced € 3,00,
Until 18 years exempted, the 18 a 24 years reduced
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